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Orchid Education Foundation

অর্কিড এডুকেশন ফাউণ্ডেশন  I  आर्किड शिक्षा फाउण्डेशन 


A Medical College offers graduate degree MBBS. Only institutions offering MBBS course in its curriculum are referred to as a Medical Colleges. The college may teach Post Graduate as well as Paramedical courses. The admission to government MBBS programs is highly competitive because of high subsidy and extensive hands on experience. The seats are filled through:

1 All India Pre Medical Entrance Exam: Most competitive exam in the country, Nearly 200 thousand students compete for about 2000 MBBS seats. The students have to complete two years of pre medical studies, admissions to which are again highly selective, with only top 15% of students being able to get into the stream.

2 State pre medical entrances.

The MBBS course starts with the basic pre-clinical subjects such as biochemistry, physiology, anatomy, microbiology, pathology and pharmacology. The students simultaneously obtain hands-on training in the wards and out-patient departments, where they interact with real patients for five long years. The curriculum aims to inculcate standard protocols of history taking, examination, differential diagnosis and Complete patient Management. The student is taught to determine what investigations will be useful for a patient and what are the best treatment options. The curriculum also contains a thorough practical knowledge and practice of performing standard clinical procedures. The course also contains a 12 month long internship, in which an intern is rotated across various specialties. Besides standard clinical care, one also gets a thorough experience of ward management, staff management and thorough counselling skills.

degree ("Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery"). The minimum requirements for the MBBS course are 50% marks in physics, chemistry, biology and English in the '10+2' examinations. For reserved category students the requirement is 40%. MBBS admissions are not centralised. The admission requirements differ across universities. Generally, students who attain higher marks in the qualifying examinations and in the Medical Entrance examinations conducted by various agencies are accepted onto the MBBS course. Around half-a-million candidates compete for 32,000 MBBS seats.

I (First) MBBS

The pre-clinical course consists of Anatomy, Physiology and Biochemistry,and these are the basic subjects of medical students and it lasts for a year. Prior to 1997 the I MBBS consisted of 1years, but this was trimmed to make more time available for clinical exposure. Passing the I MBBS final examination is mandatory to proceed with the course. A candidate failing the first MBBS examination is detained until all the 1st MBBS subjects are cleared. This is considered a major drawback of the Indian medical education system.In many universities if one does not clear a subject that student will get into an intermediate batch. It is a severe drawback. Morning session usually consist of an Anatomy lecture followed by dissection, except for one day when a class in biostatistics may be taken. Afternoon sessions consist of a theory class followed by laboratory work in Physiology or Biochemistry or it may be histology branch of anatomy.

II (Second) MBBS

Pathology, Pharmacology, Microbiology, and Forensic Medicine for one and half years. After clearing all the 4 subjects a student advances to III MBBS. The lecture classes and lab work of these subjects are usually held in the afternoons to enable students to attend the clinical wards and out patient departments in the mornings. These are followed by Short postings (15days duration) in Pediatrics, Psychiatry, Forensic medicine, Skin & Leprosy,& Respiratory medicine & TB. This may be followed directly by major postings or a clinical posting in Community Medicine may intervene.

III (Final) MBBS - Part I

Part I consists of one year, where Social and Preventive Medicine (Community Medicine), Ear Nose and Throat and Ophthalmology form the core subjects.

IV(Final) MBBS - Part II

One year of focused training in the four basic clinical subjects, namely: Medicine, Surgery (incl. Orthopaedics), Paediatrics, Obstetrics & Gynaecology. On passing the final MBBS examination, a candidate is awarded provisional registration by the MCI or the State medical council and can start the internship. Permanent registration (license to practice) and the final Medical degree (i.e., MBBS) is given only after successful and satisfactory completion of the Compulsory Rotatory Resident Internship, also called the CRRI.


After successful completion of the MBBS course, one has to compulsorily work in the hospital attached to the medical college or in any other approved hospital allowed in some medical colleges, for a period of one year. This posting is called the Compulsory Rotatory Residential Internship or the House Surgeon in Tamil Nadu. The student gets the degree only after satisfactory completion of the CRRI. An Intern (also called an Internee or a CRRI) is posted in all the clinical departments of the hospital on a rotation basis. This gives him the basic clinical and practical knowledge about all the disciplines of medicine and makes the medical graduate fit to work in the community as a General Physician.The schedules of an intern is usually extremely exhaustive. For example one may have to work for whole night and then again start the next day duty only after 1 to 2 hour which would last till afternoon.24 hour sleepless duty at a stretch is not uncommon and sometimes the scheduled breaks are also not allowed by the superiors. He/ she is also paid a monthly stipend for his work in the hospital which differs in different medical colleges on the basis of the management. The person is licenced to practice medicine only after completion of this internship. And only after finishing internship, one can receive his MBBS degree and can pursue postgraduate studies.

The Internship is different from House Officership (which may follow Internship), as understood in UK and other countries. The latter is not a compulsory tenure. The House Physician or House Surgeon unlike an Intern, works in a particular department of his or her choice and is paid a monthly 'salary' for his work in the hospital (especially, in the UK). The American counterpart is simply called a "Resident" (i.e., a Resident Physician or a Resident Surgeon).

But in India nevertheless, the Internship or the House Surgeoncy or the House Officership - all are considered to be one-&-the-same. Besides, there is no such term as a "House Physician". This is because, in India, the Doctor who is undergoing higher specialty training following Internship is called a "Post-Graduate student" (i.e., a Medicine PG student or a Surgery PG student).

Responsibility of an intern

The Interns are entrusted with clinical responsibilities under the supervision of a Medical teacher or a Resident/ PG student/ Senior medical officer. They do not work independently. Interns are not supposed to issue medical certificates, death certificates or medico-legal documents under their own signatures.


MBBS Colleges, India :

  • Alluri Sitaram Raju Academy of Medical Sciences, Eluru
  • Apollo Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Hyderabad
  • Bhaskar Medical College, Yenkapally
  • Chalmeda Anand Rao Insttitute Of Medical Sciences, Karimnagar
  • Deccan College of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad
  • Dr. P.S.I. Medical College , Chinoutpalli
  • Dr. VRK Womens Medical College, Aziznagar
  • Fathima Instt. of Medical Sciences,Kadapa
  • Great Eastern Medical School and Hospital,Srikakulam
  • GSL Medical College, Rajahmundry
  • Kamineni Institute of Medical Sciences, Narketpally
  • Katuri Medical College, Guntur
  • Konaseema Institute of Medical Sciences & Research Foundation, Amalapuram
  • Maharajah Institute of Medical Sciences, Vizianagaram
  • Malla Reddy Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad
  • Mamata Medical College, Khammam
  • Medicity Institute Of Medical Sciences, Ghanpur
  • MNR Medical College, Sangareddy
  • Narayana Medical College, Nellore
  • NRI Institute of Medical Sciences, Visakhapatnam
  • NRI Medical College, Guntur
  • P E S Institute Of Medical Sciences and Research, Kuppam
  • Prathima Institute Of Medical Sciences, Karimnagar
  • S V S Medical College, Mehboobnagar
  • Santhiram Medical College, Nandyal
  • Shadan Institute of Medical Sciences,Research Centre and Teaching Hospital, Peerancheru
  • Katihar Medical College, Katihar
  • Lord Buddha Koshi Medical College and Hospital, Saharsa
  • Mata Gujri Memorial Medical College, Kishanganj
  • Narayan Medical College & Hospital, Sasaram
  • Army College of Medical Sciences, New Delhi
  • Hamdard Institute of Medical Sciences & Research, New Delhi
  • CU Shah Medical College, Surendra Nagar
  • GCS Medical College, Ahmedabad
  • GMERS Medical College, Dharpur Patan
  • GMERS Medical College, Gandhinagar
  • GMERS Medical College, Gotri, Vadodara
  • GMERS Medical College, Sola, Ahmedabad
  • GMERS Medical College, Valsad
  • Gujarat Adani Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhuj
  • K.J. Mehta General Hospital & College of Medical Sciences, Amargadh
  • Kesarsal Medical College & Research Institute, Ahmedabad
  • Pramukhswami Medical College, Karmsad
  • SBKS Medical Instt. & Research Centre, Vadodra
  • Vivekanand Institute Of Medical Sciences & Research, Valia
  • Gold Field Institute of Medical Sciences & Research, Ballabgarh, Faridabad
  • Maharaja Agrasen Medical College, Agroha
  • Maharishi Markandeshwar Institute Of Medical Sciences & Research, Mullana, Ambala
  • Shree Guru Gobind Singh Tricentenary Medical College, Gurgaon
  • Acharya Shri Chander College of Medical Sciences, Jammu
  • A J Institute of Medical Sciences & Research Centre, Mangalore
  • Adichunchanagiri Institute of Medical Sciences Bellur
  • Al-Ameen Medical College,Bijapur
  • Basaveswara Medical College and Hospital, Chitradurga
  • Dr BR Ambedkar Medical College, Bangalore
  • Father Mullers Institue of Medical Education and Research, Mangalore
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Belgaum
  • JJM Medical College, Davangere
  • JSS Medical College, Mysore
  • K S Hegde Medical Academy, Mangalore
  • K V G Medical College, Sullia
  • Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore
  • Kasturba Medical College, Manipal
  • Kempegowda Institute of Medical Sciences, Bangalore
  • Khaja Banda Nawaz Institute of Medical Sciences, Gulbarga
  • M S Ramaiah Medical College, Bangalore
  • Mahadevappa Rampure Medical College, Gulbarga
  • MVJ Medical College and Research Hospital, Bangalore
  • Navodaya Medical College, Raichur
  • Rajarajeswari Medical College & Hospital, Bangalore
  • S S Institute of Medical Sciences& Research Centre, Davangere
  • S. Nijalingappa Medical College & HSK Hospital & Research Centre, Bagalkot
  • Sapthagiri Institute of Medical Sciences & Research Centre, Bangalore
  • SDM Medical College , Dharwad
  • Shri B M Patil Medical College, Hospital & Research Centre, Bijapur
  • Sri Devaraj URS Medical College, Kolar
  • Sri Siddhartha Medical College, Tumkur
  • Srinivas Institute of Medical Research Centre, Srinivasnagar
  • St. Johns Medical College, Bangalore
  • Subbaiah Institute of Medical Sciences, Shimoga, Karnataka
  • Vydehi Institute Of Medical Sciences & Research Centre, Bangalore
  • Yenepoya Medical College, Mangalore
  • Academy of Medical Sceiences,Pariyaram, Kannur
  • Amala Institute of Medical Sciences, Thrissur
  • Amrita School of Medicine, Elamkara, Kochi
  • Azeezia Instt of Medical Science,Meeyannoor,Kollam
  • Dr. Somervel Memorial CSI Hospital & Medical College, Karakonam, Thiruvananthapuram
  • Jubilee Mission Medical College & Research Institute, Thrissur
  • Kannur Medical College, Kannur
  • Karuna Medical College, Palakkad
  • KMCT Medical College,Kozhikode, Calicut
  • M E S Medical College , Perintalmanna Malappuram Distt.Kerala
  • Malabar Medical College, Kozhikode,Calicut
  • Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church Medical College, Kolenchery
  • Pushpagiri Institute Of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Tiruvalla
  • Sree Narayana Instt. of Medical Sciences, Chalakka,Ernakulam
  • Sree Uthradom Thiurnal Academy of Medical Sciences,Trivandrum
  • Sri Gokulam Medical College Trust & Research Foundation, Trivandrum
  • Travancore Medical College, Kollam
  • Chirayu Medical College and Hospital, Bairagarh,Bhopal
  • Index Medical College Hospital & Research Centre,Indore
  • L.N. Medical College and Research Centre,Bhopal
  • Peoples College of Medical Sciences & Research Centre, Bhanpur, Bhopal
  • Ruxmaniben Deepchand Gardi Medical College, Ujjain
  • Shri Aurobindo Institute of Medical Sciences, Indore
  • ACPM Medical College, Dhule
  • Ashwini Rural Medical College, Hospital & Research Centre, Solapur
  • Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University Medical College & Hospital, Sangli
  • Bharati Vidyapeeth University Medical College, Pune
  • Dr. D Y Patil Medical College, Kolhapur
  • Dr. Panjabrao Alias Bhausaheb Deshmukh Memorial Medical College, Amravati
  • Dr. Ulhas Patil Medical College & Hospital, Jalgaon
  • Dr.Vasantrao Pawar Med. Col. Hosp. & Research Centre,Nasik (Prev. NDMVP Samaj Medical College)
  • Institute of Medical Science and Research, Vidyagiri, Satara
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Sawangi (Meghe), Wardha
  • KJ Somaiyya Medical College & Research Centre, Mumbai
  • Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences, Karad
  • Maharashtra Institute of Medical Sciences & Research, Latur
  • Maharashtra Institute of Medical Education & Research, Pune
  • Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Sevagram, Wardha
  • Mahatma Gandhi Missions Medical College, Aurangabad
  • Mahatma Gandhi Missions Medical College, Navi Mumbai
  • N. K. P. Salve Institute of Medical Sciences, Nagpur
  • Padmashree Dr. D Y Patil Medical College, Pimpri, Pune
  • Padmashree Dr. D.Y.Patil Medical College, Navi Mumbai
  • Padmashri Dr. Vithalrao Vikhe Patil Foundations Medical College, Ahmednagar
  • Rural Medical College, Loni
  • Smt. Kashibai Navale Medical College and General Hospital,Pune
  • Terna Medical College, Navi Mumbai
  • Hi-Tech Medical College & Hospital, Bhubaneswar
  • Hi-Tech Medical College & Hospital, Rourkela
  • Instt. Of Medical Sciences & SUM Hospital, Bhubaneswar
  • Kalinga Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar
  • Aarupadai Veedu Medical College, Pondicherry
  • Mahatma Gandhi Medical College & Research Institute, Pondicherry
  • Pondicherry Institute of Medical Sciences & Research, Pondicherry
  • Sri Lakshmi Narayana Institute of Medical Sciences, Pondicherry
  • Sri Manakula Vinayagar Medical College & Hospital, Pondicherry
  • Sri Venkateswaraa Medical College, Hospital & Research Centre, Pondicherry
  • Vinayaka Missions Medical College, Pondicherry
  • Adesh Institute of Medical Sciences & Research, Bhatinda
  • Chintpurni Medical College, Gurdaspur
  • Christian Medical College, Ludhiana
  • Dayanand Medical College & Hospital, Ludhiana
  • Gian Sagar Medical College & Hospital, Patiala
  • Punjab Institute of Medical Sciences, Jalandhar
  • Sri Guru Ram Das Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Sri Amritsar
  • Geetanjali Medical College & Hospital,Udaipur
  • Mahatma Gandhi Medical College and Hospital, Jaipur
  • National Institute of Medical Science & Research, Jaipur
  • Sikkim Manipal Institute of Medical Sciences, Gangtok
  • ACS Medical College , Chennai
  • Annapoorna Medical College & Hospital, Salem
  • Chennai Medical College Hospital and research centre,Irungalur,Trichy
  • Chettinad Hospital & Research Institute, Kanchipuram
  • Christian Medical College, Vellore
  • D.D. Medical College and Hospital, Tiruvallur, Chennai
  • Dhanalakshmi Srinivasan Medical College and Hospital,Perambalur
  • Karpaga Vinayaga Institute of Medical Sciences,Maduranthagam
  • Karpagam Faculty of Medical Sciences & Research, Coimbatore
  • Madha Medical College and Hospital, Thandalam, Chennai
  • Meenakshi Medical College and Research Institute, Enathur
  • Melmaruvathur Adiparasakthi Instt. Medical Sciences and Research
  • PSG Institute of Medical Sciences, Coimbatore
  • Rajah Muthiah Medical College, Annamalainagar
  • Saveetha Medical College and Hospital, Kanchipuram
  • Shri Satya Sai Medical College and Research Institute, Kancheepuram
  • Sree Balaji Medical College and Hospital, Chennai
  • Sree Mookambika Institute of Medical Sciences, Kanyakumari
  • Sri Muthukumaran Medical College,Chennai
  • Sri Ramachandra Medical College & Research Institute, Chennai
  • SRM Medical College Hospital & Research Centre, Kancheepuram
  • Tagore Medical College and Hospital, Chennai
  • Vinayaka Missions Kirupananda Variyar Medical College, Salem
  • Tripura Medical College and Dr. B R A M Teaching Hospital, Agartala
  • Career Instt. Of Medical Sciences & Hospital, Lucknow
  • Era Lucknow Medical College , Lucknow
  • Hind Institute of Medical Sciences , Barabanki
  • Major S D Singh Medical College and Hospital, Fathehgarh, Farrukhabad
  • Mayo Institute of Medical Sciences
  • Muzaffarnagar Medical College, Muzaffarnagar
  • Rama Medical College and Hospital , Kanpur
  • Rama Medical College Hospital and Research Centre, Hapur,Gaziabad
  • Rohilkhand Medical College & Hospital, Bareilly
  • Santosh Medical College, Ghaziabad
  • Saraswati Institute of Medical Sciences, Hapur
  • School of Medical Sciences & Research,Greater Noida
  • Shri Ram Murti Smarak Institute of Medical Sciences, Bareilly
  • Subharti Medical College, Meerut
  • Teerthankar Mahaveer Medical College, Moradabad
  • Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences, Dehradun
  • Shri Guru Ram Rai Institute of Medical & Health Sciences, Dehradun
  • ICARE Institute of Medical Sciences & Research, Haldia, Purba Midanpore
  • KPC Medical College,Jadavpur,Kolkata